Professor in Cultural Learning – University of Aarhus – Denmark

Collective and common


Collectivity arise when we come to share concepts that make us percieve the material world in the same collective ways. This expression is used by Vygotsky :

“A special feature of human perception — which arises at a very young age — is the perception of real objects. This is something for which there is no analogy in animal perception. By this term I mean that I do not see the world simply in color and shape but also as a world with sense and meaning. I do not merely see something round and black with two hands; I see a clock and I can distinguish one hand from the other (Vygotsky 1978, 33). “?


The word-sign “brown throathed trush” is internalized with meaning – and meaning is not semantic.From being an object belonging to a category it becomes a concept soaked with meaning.

Some, like Gibson, might claim sharedness comes from the objects themselves in the world – they afford particular experiences. A dress affords dressing in it, a chair affords sitting on it. A clock affords seeing what time it is?

Gibson was inspired by Bentano. Our consciousness has direction and valence. (se “intentionalitet”). Consciousness has directionality – and this comes from? Mental excertion is directed against an object – or rather noema (Husserl)

Collectivity and materiality 

Materials and people

Even birds are meaningful to some and not to others

Meaningful symbolic bird